This is an easy one. This tree has a been a foothills friend to me in Wyoming, Colorado, New Mexico, and California. It’s distinctive size and appearance made it one of the first trees I learned. These trees can get big, up to 300 feet tall, but most are in the 100-150 foot range. They have a deep root system that helps them flourish in the dry American West. Needles are 4 to 9 inches long and grow in bunches of 3.
The bark can become a cinnamon color in a mature tree, and smell like vanilla or even chocolate. Thick, plate-like formations of the bark help protect the tree from ground fires.